Dead Sea Scroll manuscript and the Tetragrammaton 

By John Litteral

Years ago I studied the Dead Sea Scrolls intensely, and I did a project involving the Greek Minor Prophets Scroll from Nahal Hever (8HevXII gr). I transcribed all the fragments and then place it side by side with the Greek Septuagint and other early Greek versions of the Old Testament such as Aquila, Symmachus, and Theodotion. Below is an image of that work of the verse in the book of Jonah. The unique thing about this Dead Sea Scroll fragmented version is that it replaced all the Greek words Kύριος (Lord) with the Hebrew יהוה (YHWH).

The DSS manuscript 8HevXIIgr definitely appears to have been a “corrected” version of the Greek Septuagint, “corrected” by a Jewish scribe based upon the Hebrew text. Below is the work I did on an old website that I created years ago.








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